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The Ultimate Chorkie Dog Guide with Everything You Need to Know

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Breed Introduction

Chorkie dogs are cute and small dogs perfect for families that have time to dedicate to their furry friends. Chorkie puppies are a mix between Chihuahuas and Yorkshire Terriers. Since both parents are small dog breeds, so is the Chorkie dog.

Chorkie puppies are so small that they typically grow to be under a foot tall. The average height for a Chorkie dog is between 6 to 9 inches, while the weight is between 8 to 15 pounds. Although Chorkies can be both smaller and larger than the average numbers, it is unlikely. The life span for this small and yet adorable little dog is 12 to 15 years of age.

The main colors of Chorkies are brown, white, silver, blue, and black. Sometimes their coats are solid, and sometimes they have a mix and blend of colors. It is not uncommon to see a Chorkie puppy with three colors and various patterns, which veterinarians refer to as “bicolor” or “tricolor.” One of the most adorable and likable patterns in a Chorkie puppy is when the dog’s paws are a different color from the body. When this occurs, it gives them a pattern that appears to look like little boots.

Chorkies tend to be hypoallergenic with a low-shed coat, though it’s tough to say for sure. If your pup gets more Chihuahua in them, they may shed a bit more. While this is the case, nearly all Chorkie dogs do have a short fur coat. There are a few long-haired Chorkie puppies that inherit their long coat from their Yorkie parent. The unique mix is what makes Chorkie puppies so unique! Your Chorkie puppy likely has a long coat that has many colors throughout its body. Some Chorkie puppies also have various lengths of fur throughout their body. For instance, it is not uncommon to see Chorkie puppies with short fur everywhere but their ears.

Chorkie puppies can live in a small property comfortably as they do not need a lot of exercise. If you exercise your Chorkie puppy too much, they may overheat and develop further health conditions. These dogs are great for apartments or homes with a small backyard. Since they are so little, they only need minimal exercise, such as daily walks. You should limit daily walks in the sun because it can become too hot for your Chorkie puppy.

Your Chorkie puppy is also a Brachycephalic dog, as both parents are as well. This physical condition is inherited and is why Chorkie puppies may come with many health risks and problems because of their small skulls and flat faces. Chorkie puppies have short muzzles and noses and, because of this, the throat and breathing passages in these dogs are frequently too small or flat, causing respiratory problems.

Chorkie puppies are born with an elongated soft palate, Stenotic Nares, and Everted Laryngeal Saccules, a part of being a Brachycephalic breed of dog. This piece of their body blocks air from flowing when the Chorkie puppy breathes. Their small skulls and flat faces allow them to develop an elongated soft palate where their soft palate is too long, and Chorkie puppies occasionally inhale dust or other debris. All these features mainly cause respiratory problems for Chorkie puppies.

The personality of the Chorkie puppies or dogs is excited and energetic, because their parents are happy dogs that would rather spend their days alongside their humans than alone. They are not active dogs, and while they do require some activities, they do not need a lot of space or exercise. The daily exercise Chorkie puppies need is only 20 minutes a day. If they are too overactive, they may overheat. Chorkie puppies, because of their flat faces and respiratory problems, can die from overheating. One to two short walks a day is plenty of exercise for Chorkie puppies.

Chorkie puppies are also surprisingly loud. They bark a lot and whine when they do not get enough attention. Chorkies receive this trait from their Chihuahua parent. The Aztecs and Mayans would consider Chihuahuas a warrior dog whose loud bark acted as protection and an alert system. Although we no longer use Chihuahuas as protectors, Chorkie puppies still believe that they are.

History of Dog Breed

The history of the Chorkie is relatively new. In the U.S, the first time people saw a Chorkie was in the early ’90s. Chorkie puppies were used as a fashion piece as they were so small they could travel with their owners in purses and other accessories. This mixed breed was and is a big part of fashion and a luxury image. Although this is the case, Chorkies are everywhere! Anyone can own a Chorkie puppy, especially since they are in shelters to adopt throughout the United States.

Half of the Chorkie puppy mix is a Chihuahua parent. This part of the origin of the Chorkie dog is from Mexico. These small dogs are the ancestors of the Techichi, which is depicted in a lot of artwork from Mexico during the Mayan time. The Toltecs bred their ancestors to be larger and heavier but still considerably smaller than larger dogs today. However, there was a change when the Aztecs conquered them. Years of breeding them brought them to the size they are now. The purpose was for protection and companionship, but humans made changes over the past years so that Chihuahuas are strictly companions. These original Chihuahuas were bulkier and frightening and could comfort their owners while fitting in small spaces to alert them of enemies.

People chose to domesticate Chihuahuas living in Mexico because of their small stature and companionship. They were small dogs but still warriors. So how did they develop into the Chihuahua we see today? From what is known, these dogs were registered with the American Kennel Club in 1904. Chihuahuas were seen in the U.S as early as the 1800s in remote villages and towns. They were brought to the U.S. by Europeans looking to find a new home. Now, these small dogs are companions who enjoy being around other people. They do not do well alone. Chihuahua dogs are no longer protectors but act like it! Chihuahuas yap and bark often at disturbances and shake because of their small size.

The second parent of the Chorkie dog is the Yorkshire Terrier, which originated in Europe in the mid-1800s. They were working-class companion dogs and became fashion icons for noble Victorian ladies to use as lap dogs. There are countless paintings in Europe where noblewomen held tiny dogs directly related to Chorkie puppies.

Yorkshire Terrier puppies were first recorded in 1885 by the American Kennel Club. As time went on, these dogs were bred to be smaller. First, they worked in the mines with their companions as they fit the small space perfectly and were easy to train. From a young age, they did not like being alone. Like Chihuahuas, Yorkshire Terriers (Yorkies) are now small companion dogs for luxury and cute features.

There are various controversies surrounding Chorkie puppies. Since both parents of the Chorkie puppy have significant health problems, the breed mix also has many health issues that can be fatal if not prevented or taken care of quickly. Another controversy is that Chorkies lived with luxurious nobles and celebrities for years, yet now they are in shelters looking for owners to adopt them.

chorkie dog walking through grass

Breed Intelligence

Chorkie puppies are independent and hard-headed dogs. While they are independent and hard-headed, this does not mean that your Chorkie puppy is not intelligent. They adapt quickly to new situations but struggle with training. Since Chorkie dogs prefer to be around people and were once warrior dogs in Mexico because of their Chihuahua parents, they do not like taking commands. Chorkie puppies are stubborn and need socialization and professional training. The stubbornness of Chorkie puppies does not mean that Chorkie dogs are not intelligent, just that they are stubborn and require hours and hours of training and practice.

Chorkie dogs need a specific training method. Instead of training your Chorkie puppy slowly, Chorkie dogs do well with repetition and rewards. Chorkie dogs want to feel useful and pride themselves in their love for their owners. Suppose they are rewarded with positive conditioning. The treats and rewards can include toys, extra playtime, and dog treats. Unlike other dogs that enjoy commands, Chorkie dogs do not respond well to commands from their owners.

These dogs own their home and like it when their owners pamper them with treats, petting, and toys. Chorkie puppies also do not have the strongest memory, and pet owners should repeat commands frequently. Their weak memory is a trait they develop because of their Yorkshire Terrier parent. While Chorkie puppies are not the most trainable of dog breeds, they do make great lovable companions.

Psychological

Cognitive

The cognitive health of Chorkie puppies is debatable amongst experts. There are various conditions that your Chorkie puppy may be susceptible to because of genetics. Chorkie puppies have health conditions because people were breeding them in the past to get their heads flat and small.

Idiopathic Epilepsy

What is idiopathic epilepsy? Idiopathic epilepsy is seizures with no indicative reason. Epilepsy is hereditary and passes from parent to child. Both chihuahuas and Yorkshire Terriers have a genetic predisposition for this condition, which is why Chorkie puppies are at risk for prolonged seizures. These seizures are typically not painful. Your Chorkie puppy may be unaware that they are having a seizure at all. It looks scary when watching but does not cause any major issues unless they harm themselves, but pet owners can prevent trauma and harm. There is also no one cure for idiopathic epilepsy as each case is different.

Idiopathic epilepsy develops in stages. The first stage scientists refer to is the pre-ictal phase, where your Chorkie puppy shows minimal signs of something wrong. They may whine or appear nervous. During the second stage, the ictal phase, there are mild mental changes, such as shaking, staring at random objects, and losing consciousness. During the third phase, your Chorkie puppy completes their seizure. The post-ictal phase is immediately after the seizure, and typically Chorkie dogs are exhausted from the symptoms. Like humans, Chorkie puppies may not know that they are having a seizure until it is over and they are in a daze.

You should take your Chorkie puppy to the veterinarian to run tests. Seizures are a serious condition that can cause further problems and need a proper diagnosis. The only way to diagnose your Chorkie puppy with idiopathic epilepsy is for the veterinarian to run CT scans of your dog’s brain. The procedure and test are painless and can prevent further damage with a treatment plan.

It is nearly impossible to prevent seizures in dogs with idiopathic epilepsy. However, you can prevent further injury by dog-proofing your home, for instance, placing rugs and carpets in common areas. As it is difficult to predict when an epileptic attack will occur, the carpet will catch your Chorkie dog’s head if they have a seizure and fall.

There are other natural ways to decrease damage and the likelihood of a seizure. For example, you may give your Chorkie puppy supplements like coconut oil. Supplements containing coconut oil also have ketones that decrease seizure activity, according to some experts. However, researchers are conducting more studies to solidify that claim. You can also use a milk thistle supplement, as milk thistle has both antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties. Milk thistle supplements protect the liver from seizures and can aid in monitoring idiopathic epilepsy. It is not a cure, however.

white chorkie standing on wood log

Depression

What does depression look like in Chorkie puppies? Depression in Chorkie puppies is very similar to the disorder that humans have. Depression can either be situational or hormonal. Every Chorkie puppy is different and needs different treatment. Some situational causes of depression are a new baby, new location, new family member, or a loss of a family member or friend without explanation. These situations are harsh and difficult to handle for your Chorkie dog. Hormonal depression is different, however. There is no trigger for this type of depression. The symptoms for both cases are the same, though.

You may notice your Chorkie puppy not eating, using the bathroom anywhere, sleeping all day, showing a loss of interest in playing, seeking someone out, and whining when they are unable to find them. This condition is especially common in Chorkie puppies as they are family pets who need to be around people. If not, they can develop stress, which also leads to anxiety disorders.

The good thing about depression disorders in canines is that they are rare and do not last forever. Depression can be problematic if your dog does lose too much weight quickly and lacks nutrients and vitamins to move around. When this occurs, Chorkie puppies can develop worse conditions that are fatal. Depression can both be prevented and treated at home, thankfully.

Diagnosing depression takes time. Veterinarians recommend bringing your Chorkie puppy to the office for a routine check-up at least once a year. During this check-up, you can discuss with the vet any concerns or abnormal behaviors. Typically you can treat canine depression at home. If it worsens, however, professional help should be the next step.

If your Chorkie puppy is struggling with depression, you can mentally and physically engage them through activities like walking a trail and doing an obstacle course. It is also essential to reward your Chorkie when they show happiness with treats, extra walks, petting, or playtime. Don’t give them happiness and treats when they are moping. This reward lets them know that it is ok to feel that way forever, and it becomes even more difficult to get them out of depression.

While doing these tips, it can also be beneficial to maintain a schedule to not confuse your Chorkie dog. Chorkie puppies do well with schedules because they know what to expect. If you go off the schedule, for example staying late at work, their depression or anxiety may rise again. Depending on the situation, it may be necessary to adopt another pet or companion if they are lonely/missing their past furry friend.

Stress

It is normal for Chorkie puppies to feel stress as it is a biological feeling that protects them from harm. While this is the case, your Chorkie puppy may suffer from physical and psychological consequences when there is too much stress.

Potential Stressors

What is stress? Stress is a biological feeling that is normal and necessary in dogs. Your Chorkie dog produces the stress hormone Cortisol when in stressful situations. Stress is not a bad thing but can lead to further complications if the stress is not alleviated. Stress is a part of survival but is not necessary in large doses. Chorkie puppies do not do well under too much stress as their small bodies have plenty of health conditions they are susceptible to. Stress also has a strong connection with anxiety disorders that are harder to treat.

Chorkie puppies are susceptible to stress because of their parents. Both Yorkshire Terriers and Chihuahuas are likely to develop stress and too much of the stress hormone. Some of the most common reasons that Chorkie dogs feel too much stress are new situations, losing a loved one, or separation anxiety. You may notice that your dog feels stressed out if they pace back and forth, destroy areas in your home close to an exit or entrance, and throw up without warning. Stress does cause digestive and gut health issues as the stomach has a clear connection to stress and feelings.

Chorkie puppies that develop stress may worsen their health conditions, as stress is dangerous. Although stress causes harm to Chorkie puppies, it does not decrease their lifespan. Chorkie dogs can live long lives with stress, but their quality of life decreases as stress easily leads to depression and anxiety disorders. However, there are various ways to treat, manage, and even prevent stress in Chorkie dogs.

Stress Treatment and Management

The various ways to treat stress in your Chorkie puppy include using a combination of training, comforting techniques, and supplements. There are many natural ways to calm down your Chorkie puppy. If you choose to give your Chorkie puppy supplements, do so with ingredients like Lavender and Chamomile flowers. These natural herbs are calming and reduce the stress hormone with a few sniffs from your furry friends. These supplements come in a variety of forms and include essential oils that distribute through the air. Although essential oils like lavender can soothe your Chorkie puppy, you should never give it to them directly. Instead, spray the air with the scent or use a diffuser. Lavender, amongst other herbs and essential oils, can be toxic to your furry friend.

Supplements and herbs are not the only treatment, however. You can also give your Chorkie dog comforting techniques like creating a comfortable spot. If your dog has a favorite toy or blanket, place it in an area that gives comfort. This way, whenever your dog is stressed and you cannot help them, they can comfort themselves in their corner. It also helps to give your Chorkie dog a piece of your clothing with your scent. Chorkie puppies like being around their humans; the scent calms them down.

Not only is stress treatable in Chorkie puppies, but it is also preventable and manageable. The way to prevent stress is to socialize your dog from a young age. Since Chorkie puppies are often afraid of others, it is essential to socialize your Chorkie as a puppy; this way, they become accustomed to others. The socialization of your dog eliminates a large stressor for your Chorkie. However, this does not always work as all Chorkie dogs have different stressors.

Managing stress is similar to how you would treat stress. Give your Chorkie puppy treats when they are behaving in a calm manner, and ignore them if they are reacting to the stress. This may be hard to do because you love your Chorkie puppy, but it helps in the long run. Chorkie puppies learn by seeing how others interact with the world. If their owner does not react to stressors, they will understand that the stressor is nothing to worry about.

chorkie puppy standing in grass lawn

Anxiety

Anxiety and stress are similar. Chorkie puppies are susceptible to anxiety disorders, as pet owners should raise them specifically. If your dog does not get the care and attention they need as a puppy, they are likely to develop at-risk disorders.

Separation Anxiety

What is separation anxiety? Separation anxiety is a cognitive disorder where animals fear being separated from their families. You may have noticed that your Chorkie puppy whines and does not like to be alone. These dogs are prone to developing separation anxiety. When you adopt a Chorkie puppy, there is no clear way of knowing what kind of life or shelter they lived in previously.

These small dogs will attach themselves to their new owner with a lot of love, care, and affection to give. Separation anxiety takes time to process. The more obvious signs that your Chorkie puppy may have this disorder is if they destroy furniture when they are alone, urinate uncontrollably, or excessively lick their bodies. These common signs are only a few symptoms of separation anxiety. Thankfully, this condition is treatable and manageable from the comfort of your own home. It is unlikely that you will need to bring your Chorkie puppy for a veterinarian check unless they show worse and serious symptoms like dehydration and a loss of appetite.

Although it would be nice to take your Chorkie puppy with you on your daily errands and work, it is not always possible. When your Chorkie puppy panics and misbehaves because they are alone, they usually think that something is wrong. The best way to treat separation anxiety is to train your dog to not fear being alone.

Instead of immediately greeting them when you get home from work or errands, ignore your Chorkie puppy for at least ten minutes. It may be hard to hear the whines and excitement of your dog, but if you comfort them immediately and excessively, they will associate that being alone is not ok. You can also provide your Chorkie puppy with an article of clothing that has your scent when you are away. Since dogs rely on their sense of smell for most things, this can calm down your dog until you get home.

Social Anxiety

What is social anxiety? Social anxiety in dogs is an anxiety disorder where dogs have panic attacks in social situations. Chorkie puppies are likely to develop this condition because it is inheritable from both parents. Although a stereotype, Chihuahuas are known to shake and shiver when they are nervous. Shaking or shivering is a trait that Chorkie puppies receive from their parents.

Chorkie puppies are likely to attach themselves to their owner and loved ones. Attaching themselves makes it difficult for them to process changes and new people. If you notice that your Chorkie puppy is aggressive or hides away from strangers and other pets, they are likely suffering from social anxiety. This condition, thankfully, is nothing to worry about. Social anxiety does not affect the life expectancy of your Chorkie dog, but it does affect their quality of life.

At-home treatment is easy but not necessarily quick. Your Chorkie puppy will need training, reassurance, and time. To prevent the development of social anxiety, dog experts recommend socializing Chorkie puppies early. This dog type is stubborn but trainable. If you are struggling with training your Chorkie puppy to socialize with other animals, you can also hire a professional dog trainer that specializes in anxiety disorders.

Another option to treating and managing social anxiety in Chorkie puppies is to provide these dogs with a comfortable corner. All dogs that experience stress and anxiety can feel relief when things they love surround them. If you know your Chorkie puppy has social anxiety and new people are coming over, design a comfortable spot where your Chorkie puppy can go to relax. This corner should be soothing. You may provide items like a bed, their childhood blankets, favorite toys, and a piece of clothing with your scent. Chorkie puppies are sensitive, but they are also intelligent and can soothe their anxieties and fear if you provide them the tools to do so.

Allergies

Chorkies are small dogs with unique coats that require grooming and brushing. Chorkie puppies with allergic reactions, however, need both medical attention and at-home care.

Atopy Allergy

What are atopy allergies? Atopy allergies are seasonal allergies that develop into skin conditions if you don’t treat them right away. When your dog is suffering from atopy allergies, they are likely to have red and itchy skin. As they scratch their skin, they irritate their skin further, causing little cuts and harm to themselves. Allergens that your Chorkie dog may be allergic to include dust and pollen. Anything that your dog touches and inhales that causes an allergic reaction is an atopy allergy.

While atopy allergies are uncomfortable, they are not extremely dangerous. It is unlikely that the life expectancy of your Chorkie dog will decrease because of allergies. While this is the case, it is not necessarily safe either. Atopy allergies are dangerous and can cause further problems like infections from open scratches. Infections spread fast and can cause respiratory problems, for which your Chorkie puppy is already at risk. Since Chorkie puppies are so small, any small change in their skin can look extreme and may scare you. If you notice that your Chorkie dog has watery or dry eyes and is constantly scratching, they may have allergies.

Diagnosis for allergies requires both testing and documentation. In Chorkie dogs, about 80% of allergic reactions can be tested to find the exact cause through a blood test. A veterinarian may ask the dog owner to take notes of when and where their Chorkie dogs react to something and how badly they do. Then little by little, the allergens are avoided and removed to solidify what is causing the reaction.

The way to treat atopy allergies is by bathing your Chorkie puppy with hypoallergenic shampoos that are easy on their skin. You can also apply lotion to itchy areas. Pet owners should take care of any scratches that are bleeding as they can become infected. When they are infected, there is a strong odor, pus, and scabbing where the scratches are. Infections spread fast and need veterinary care. Chorkie puppies may also consume supplements, such as fish oils, that contain nutrients like fatty acids that strengthen their skin and coats.

chorkie puppy wearing blue hoodie

Food Allergies

What are food allergies? Food allergies can affect the skin, respiratory, and digestive systems. Common food allergies in Chorkies are dairy products, beef, lamb, chicken, eggs, soy, or gluten (from wheat). However, food allergies are typically from protein as they are complex and difficult to digest in Chorkie dogs. Chorkie puppies inherit food allergies from their Chihuahua parents as Chihuahuas are susceptible to the development of food allergies. Chihuahuas develop food allergies because Chihuahuas have a sensitive stomach that struggles to digest proteins and wheat.

The only “cure” for food allergies in canines is to avoid the food. Sometimes, though, food allergies go away on their own. For instance, your Chorkie puppy may have once been allergic to eggs but now can consume them without any repercussions. You should pay special extra attention to ingredient labels or purchase natural and organic options. Some owners choose to cook food for their Chorkie puppies every day instead of buying canned or dry dog food. Experts recommend this as dog food is relatively difficult for Chorkie puppies to digest since Chorkie puppies are susceptible to stomach and gut health problems because of their short esophagus. For this reason, an easy-to-digest diet is necessary.

Proteins and carbohydrates are hard to digest for all dogs. While it is not impossible, some dogs find themselves allergic to either proteins or carbohydrates. When you notice your Chorkie puppy is reacting to allergens, you should jot down the changes. Try to retrace your steps and find out what the dog has an allergic reaction to. Ask yourself important questions like: Did I change my Chorkie dog’s diet recently? Is there a new dog treat he is eating? Has this happened before? If you need to, you can grab a journal and write down any changes that you notice in your Chorkie puppy. Pet owners are an important part of diagnosing allergies as they can see the symptoms and development over time.

The symptoms to watch out for in your Chorkie puppy are excessive licking and scratching, intense red skin that is peeling, scabbing, and indigestion problems. Some allergies are easy to take care of as they barely affect the dog. For example, your Chorkie has diarrhea a few hours after eating dairy. Maybe hold back on the dairy, but still nothing to be alarmed about! However, if your Chorkie pup begins to rapidly lose weight without much notice, this is scary and could be a sign that something is very wrong! Medical attention is needed ASAP.

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Supplements can also help monitor allergies by providing good bacteria in the form of probiotics so that there are more bacteria in the digestive tract of your Chorkie puppy to help digest harsh foods. The use of probiotics is especially good if your dog has issues and throws up a lot as they lose these good bacteria. There are dog food brands out there with probiotics as an ingredient, or they can be fed to your dog as a supplement in pill form.

Gut Health

Chorkie puppies are susceptible to many gut and stomach health problems. Chorkie puppies are born with a short esophagus that makes it easier for food to come back up. They are also small dogs, and any changes to their digestive systems can cause detrimental problems.

Obesity

What is obesity? Obesity is when a person or animal has too much fat. If you don’t feed your Chorkie puppy the right amount of food, they are likely to increase their weight, which causes further issues. Obesity is a gut health problem because obesity relates to the stomach and the gut health system.

Chorkie puppies are small dogs, and any amount of weight gain can cause problems. Since Chorkie puppies typically only weigh 15 pounds, even two to three pounds extra can harm their bones, joints, and stomach. Chorkie puppies cannot digest all food groups properly, and pet owners should only feed them high protein and a low starch diet.

The number one cause of obesity in dogs is overeating. While there are health issues that contribute to weight gain, they are a minority of cases. Obesity can be caused by overeating or a more severe condition like hypothyroidism. However, veterinarians recommend bringing your pet in for proper testing to diagnose the exact cause of obesity in your Chorkie puppy.

Chorkie puppies already have small stomachs and cannot fit a lot of food in them. When they overeat, they stretch their stomachs further, causing harm to their digestive system. The main reason that Chorkie puppies gain significant weight is because of a poor diet. You should know that many store and brand names of dog food have a high amount of starches from potatoes. Dogs cannot properly digest heavy starches, yet many dog foods that target small dogs like Chorkies are dense in potatoes.

Starch is mainly sugar, which results in weight gain. Although many people believe that fat mainly causes obesity in puppies, it is starches and sugar. The best way to prevent and treat obesity in Chorkie puppies is to provide these small dogs with diets high in protein and fat but low in sugar and starch. You can do this for your Chorkie puppy by cooking homemade meals. This way, you know what is in the ingredients exactly.

Chorkie puppies that are obese need to lose weight. The best way to encourage weight loss is by creating activities. Weight loss activities could include swimming, playing catch, and running obstacles. Losing weight through physical activity is important as obesity causes many major health concerns and can decrease your Chorkie puppy’s life expectancy.

Bladder/Kidney Stones

What are bladder/kidney stones? Bladder/kidney stones are hard formations of minerals, salt, and proteins that cannot pass through the bladder. Chorkie puppies also suffer from the development of bladder and kidney stones. The main cause of this health condition is a lack of water. Bladder and kidney stones are not easy to diagnose in Chorkie puppies because the symptoms are small. Pet owners may not notice that the urine of their Chorkie puppy is a different color or has a different scent.

Kidney stones are uncomfortable for Chorkie puppies but can be both prevented and treated. However, experts recommend veterinary care as kidney stones can pass on their own but are painful for your Chorkie puppy. The main reason for crystallizing sugars and proteins in the bladder and kidneys is a lack of water.

Complications can arise because of kidney stones. If they are too large and your puppy cannot pass them on their own, it may harm their insides, causing bleeding and burning pain, similar to what is felt by humans with this condition. To prevent bladder and kidney stones in Chorkie puppies, provide access to water and encourage them to drink consistently. Since Chorkie puppies are so small, any dietary change can cause problems. Their size is why they are at risk for developing bladder/kidney stones.

chorkie dog with wet tennis ball in it's mouth

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Eye Health

Your Chorkie puppy may develop eye health problems as well. The eye health of your dog is important as they rely on their sight for everyday activities. You can take some preventive measures to decrease the chances of losing your Chorkie puppy’s eyesight.

Dry Eye

Both Yorkshire Terrier dogs and Chihuahuas have a condition that veterinarians refer to as “dry eye.” Since their eyes are large and bulge out, they are likely to produce less liquid to keep their eyes wet. Chorkie puppies are especially susceptible to this condition. Since they have flat faces, like their parents, their eyes are large and protrude out farther than their facial features.

Often, Chorkie puppies struggle to blink and close their eyes because of their eyes’ unique shape. Chorkie puppies’ inability to blink causes further problems and irritation. To diagnose this condition, no specific tests are needed. Since this breed is at risk for dry eyes, your local veterinarian may simply monitor and take notes of their condition.

Dry eyes produce obvious signs and symptoms that Chorkie puppy pet owners should look for. These symptoms include redness, irritation, and inflammation of the eyes. Chorkie puppies with dry eyes struggle and are also more likely to harm their eyes. Since the “wetness” of a dog’s eyes protects them from debris and dust, when Chorkie puppies’ eyes are dry, anything can cause trauma.

If your Chorkie puppy has a dry eye, it is important to keep them safe from scratching their face and flying debris. For instance, pet owners should keep Chorkie puppies inside on windy days as their eyes are targets for sticks, dust, and bugs. If any trauma occurs to a Chorkie puppy’s dry eye, they can develop an eye infection which leads to blindness.

In some Chorkie puppies, the cause of dry eye is actually a reaction to the immune system inflaming the tear ducts. This results in the tear ducts having the inability to produce enough layers and
“wetness.” However, mainly the condition is genetic in Chorkies.

Cataracts

What are cataracts? Cataracts are an eye condition that develops in older dogs where the dog’s lens is covered by a white or gray film. One form of cataracts develops with age and is a natural part of aging for dogs. Chorkie puppies are also likely to develop cataracts as they age. Chorkie puppies can either inherit cataracts or develop them through trauma or health conditions.

Another risk factor for cataracts is diabetes. Chorkie puppies are at risk for diabetes, and diabetes causes cataracts that develop overnight. There are no treatments, only management techniques pet owners can take for their Chorkie puppies in these cases. Cataracts occur in four stages and are typically not dangerous. While being blind may terrify you, your Chorkie puppy will likely notice no difference as it occurs gradually.

However, suppose your Chorkie puppy develops full blindness without any time to adjust. In that case, Chorkie puppies may grow anxious with fear and confusion. There are various things you can do to improve the quality of life for your Chorkie puppy. For instance, you can purchase toys that produce sound or scents so your puppy can still live an active lifestyle.

Chorkie puppies that develop blindness overnight may need your help to guide them to their food bowl. Keep a schedule each day and guide your puppy until they recognize the route on their own. Chorkie puppies have other senses they rely on, so losing their sight is not the end of the world. While this is the case, they can harm themselves by bumping into furniture and items in their way. Create a clear path for your Chorkie puppy and remove any furniture that blocks the open space. This way, you decrease the likelihood that they will bump into things during the night.

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Ear Health

Ear health is important for all dogs as they have excellent hearing; this includes Chorkie dogs. Sadly, some Chorkie puppies develop ear infections because they have long and floppy ears. Not all Chorkie puppies, however, have the same physical features.

Otitis Externa

What is otitis externa? Otitis externa is an outer ear infection, but don’t let the name fool you; it can easily spread to the inside of your dog’s ear. Ear infections are common in Chorkie puppies. Chorkie puppies with an outer ear infection are likely to scratch at their ears for relief. Ear infections develop quickly and almost without warning.

The main causes of ear infections are a lack of cleaning and an increase in humidity. Dogs scratch their coat and ears constantly. If your Chorkie puppy has an allergy and is scratching to find relief, they may accidentally scratch and cut themselves by their ear. When this occurs, it allows bacteria in the nails of Chorkie puppies to infect and multiply in the cut. In a matter of days, your Chorkie puppy may have discharge, blood, and scabbing in their outer ear.

Another cause for this type of ear infection is a lack of cleaning. If pet owners don’t clean their Chorkie puppy’s ears consistently, their outer ears will likely remain dirty. Bacteria from dirt, the floors of your home, and the air can trap themselves in your Chorkie dog’s coat and ears. For instance, if you let your Chorkie puppy play in the mud and simply wipe the ears down without cleaning them off with soap, the bacteria is likely still there. It only takes one scratch for the bacteria to find themselves infecting your dog’s outer ear.

To treat and diagnose your dog’s ear infection, you may need to take them to a veterinarian. Chorkie puppies that don’t receive treatment for their infections can worsen. Although this is the case, some ear infections do go away on their own. However, it is best not to take that risk with Chorkie puppies.

chorkie dog standing in grass field

Otitis Interna

What is otitis interna? Otitis interna is another type of ear infection that develops in the inner ear instead of the outer ear. This ear infection is similar to an outer ear infection but develops differently. Since Chorkie puppies are a unique mix between a Chihuahua and Yorkshire Terrier, some Chorkie puppies are born with floppy ears or bat ears. While either ear type can develop an inner ear infection, it is more likely for Chorkie puppies with floppy ears.

The main cause of otitis interna in Chorkie puppies is moisture. When water finds its way into your Chorkie dog’s ear, there is no way out. Instead, the wet air provides the perfect growing climate for bacteria and yeast. As the yeast and bacteria multiply, they move farther inside your Chorkie puppy’s ear. The infection typically stays inside and causes discomfort, as well as potential hearing loss.

One of the major concerns with otitis interna is that the ear infection may reach a Chorkie puppy’s eardrum. If this does occur, they can lose their hearing either permanently or temporarily. Veterinarians recommend getting a diagnosis in an office with testing. Before treating the infection, you must know the exact type of bacteria, as all bacteria react differently to treatments. While this condition can go away on its own, it is unlikely.

The symptoms of otitis interna in Chorkie puppies are redness, inflammation inside the ear, deafness, a foul odor, and black or yellow discharge. There are some over-the-counter drops that you can purchase to provide relief for your Chorkie puppy, but no treatment to cure the infection.

However, there are preventive measures you can take. Since Chorkie puppies have long ears that also have a lot of hiding places for bacteria, you must clean their ears properly at least once a month and dry them. When drying their ears, you mustn’t use cotton or fabric that easily falls apart. If you leave anything in their ears, like tiny fabric, it can damage their eardrums and cause another infection. Since Chorkie puppies are stubborn, they may not hold still during the cleaning and drying process; if this is the case, provide them with a treat to calm their nerves.

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    09/25/2022 03:23 am GMT

Immune Health

The immune system is an essential part of your Chorkie puppy’s body. Chorkie puppies need a healthy immune system to battle viruses and bacteria trying to infect them. The only immune system health problem Chorkie puppies may inherit is Immunoglobulin (Antibody) Deficiency.

Immunoglobulin (Antibody) Deficiency

What is an immunoglobulin (antibody) deficiency? An immunoglobulin (antibody) deficiency occurs when a dog is unable to produce antibodies on its own. The lack of ability causes more health problems that can be dangerous. Chorkie puppies develop this condition because of their Chihuahua parent as they inherit this condition and pass it from parent to child. While Chorkie puppies are likely to develop this condition, it is still uncommon and rare.

In other words, Chorkie puppies with this autoimmune disease cannot fight off even the most common viruses and bacteria. If Chorkie puppies cannot fight off viruses, this can be deadly and needs medical attention immediately. Chorkie puppies with an antibody deficiency do not produce enough antibodies. Antibodies defend against viruses; without antibodies, your Chorkie puppy’s blood cells fight other healthy cells instead of infections.

Immunoglobulin (antibody) deficiency has not been well researched, and there are a lot of unknowns because of how rare it is to see in dogs. This condition can develop because of a virus, or it is because Chorkie puppies inherit it. Immunoglobulin (antibody) deficiency is also hard to diagnose as many other conditions have the same symptoms. Dogs experiencing an immunoglobulin deficiency may experience these symptoms: diarrhea, lethargy, lesions and red open wounds, scabbing, pain while walking, loss of appetite, and rapid weight loss. These symptoms look terrifying but match other health conditions. Even if the symptoms may not look worrisome, you should take your lovable Chorkie puppy to the vet just to make sure. If not, it could be too late.

Treatments/Management

The treatment and management of immunoglobulin (antibody) deficiency are difficult but not impossible. Before the treatment, it is essential to take your Chorkie puppy for examinations and diagnosis.

To diagnose immunoglobulin (antibody) deficiency, veterinarians may take multiple blood samples over months. Since the symptoms match other health conditions, veterinarians take their time solidifying a condition as the cause of the symptoms. In the meantime, however, pet owners can manage the condition through the use of supplements. Since it is an autoimmune disease, the immune system needs to be strengthened. One way to strengthen the immune system is through the use of supplements. Zinc, Vitamin A and C are great because they strengthen the immune system by providing the necessary nutrients. You can give this to your Chorkie puppy in a pill or powder form, and it works the same.

Dogs can still live a happy and healthy life with this condition, but pet owners need to make some changes to their Chorkie puppy’s lifestyle. These changes include taking your Chorkie puppy to consistent vet visits and providing nutrient food, as well as being aware of your surroundings. Puppy play dates are great, but if the dog is carrying a disease, it can spread, and with your dog’s autoimmune disease, it is unlikely their bodies can fight off the new virus. Limit puppy play dates until you can confirm that all doggy participants do not carry any illnesses.

white chorkie dog standing in field

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Joint Health

Chorkie puppies are part of the small breed of dogs that suffer greatly from joint health pain. Chorkie dogs have short legs and hips that do not always develop properly, causing pain and further health conditions.

Legg-Perthes Disease

What is Legg-Perthes disease? Legg-Calve-Perthes is a disease where the head of the femur in a dog deteriorates quickly and without warning. Chorkie puppies are susceptible to this joint health problem as it can develop quickly. Chorkies are prone to this condition because of their short stature. They are tiny dogs and can easily harm their bones because of their short size. Jumping from tall surfaces should be limited. Legg-Perthes disease is an inherited disease, but typically in Chorkies occurs because of trauma like falling and hurting their legs or hip, which slowly deteriorates the femur. 

The joint health issue is similar to hip dysplasia but in a different area. The condition is very dangerous as it can break bones or lead to Arthritis. The femur is a delicate bone that should be treated with care and comfort. The symptoms you should look out for as a responsible and loving pet owner are limping, fear of jumping, running slower, whining to the touch, and sensitivity on their legs. If any of these symptoms are obvious, it is time to talk to your local veterinarian for proper testing and diagnosing.

Once your Chorkie puppy is diagnosed, there are surgeries, but they are costly and may not be recommended by all vets depending on the size, weight, and age of your Chorkie dog. Chorkie puppies with this condition, in just a few weeks, lose the ability to place weight on their legs.

While surgery does treat and cure the disease, there are management techniques you can use at home if medical attention is not an option. Experts recommend certain supplements with ingredients like Chondroitin sulfate. Chondroitin naturally stimulates cartilage repair and is often used with glucosamine, although pet owners can use them separately. Chondroitin also reduces pain, improves joint function and mobility, and reduces arthritis progression. This supplement can be in a pill or the natural substance introduced into the diet with pig and chicken meat.

To prevent further damage and pain, you can also buy a stepping stool so your furry friend won’t have to jump from high locations and harm themselves. If your Chorkie puppy is obese, experts recommend placing your dog on a weight loss diet with exercise as they can worsen their condition with further pressure on their joints.

Luxating Patella

What is luxating patella? Luxating patella is a condition in which your Chorkie dog’s kneecap frequently moves out of place. Chorkie puppies are likely to develop this joint condition because of genetics, especially seen in Yorkshire Terriers. Once the kneecap moves out of place, your dog’s kneecap and leg may deteriorate as they continues to rub against each other, grinding against the bone. It is painful and can cause worse health conditions like limited mobility and paralysis.

Luxating patella can happen with trauma like a fall that breaks the kneecap out of place and slowly wears down the bone with constant grinding. When this does happen, it is hard for the dog to put any weight on the knee/leg. Chorkie puppies will limp or refuse to move around because of the pain and discomfort. While the condition is inheritable, not all Chorkies develop it through genetics. Since Chorkie puppies are small, any accidental slip and injury can be serious.

The only treatment for this condition is surgery and a trip to your local veterinarian. While this is true, you can treat the symptoms from the comfort of your home to bring relief to your Chorkie puppy. Supplements and diets may decrease the pain levels that come with the joint condition of luxating patella. The biggest problem with this health issue is that as it progresses, there is a high chance your Chorkie puppy will develop Arthritis. There is no treatment for Arthritis. If your Chorkie puppy’s condition worsens to this extent, it is no longer reversible and is typically painful.

chorkie dog jumping over wood log

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Skin and Coat

Your Chorkie puppy may have a unique texture and color on its coat. Their unique coat is because each Chorkie puppy has a different mix. Some Chorkie puppies take after their Chihuahua parent, while others look more like their Yorkie parents.

Color Dilution Alopecia

What is color dilution alopecia? Color dilution alopecia is a skin condition where a dog’s coat dilutes in color and causes flaking and itchy skin. Only one particular type of Chorkie puppy is susceptible to this skin condition: Only Chorkie puppies with blue coats are at risk for color dilution alopecia. By the time Chorkie puppies turn six months, owners may notice a significant difference in the colors of their coat as it fades as they age.

It is currently unknown why this happens, but the hair follicles self-destruct, and new hair grows back thinner if any hair grows back at all. This skin and coat condition is not painful for your Chorkie puppy, but it is also not curable. Truly, this condition only bothers pet owners typiically, but there is nothing medically worrying about a change in the coat. The only reason you should be concerned is if your dog excessively scratches at the scabs and reopens them. If this is the case, any bacteria can find itself in your Chorkie puppy’s skin.

There are some supplements you can give to your Chorkie puppy for a healthy and shiny coat, such as Omega 3s found in fish oils naturally. Not only are supplements helpful, but so is the use of specific shampoos that helps with soothing the skin and growing back hair. Shampoos and topical applications, however, are not foolproof and may not work fully. If this is the case, remember that color dilution alopecia is not life-threatening and many Chorkie puppies with this condition live long and happy lives.

Skin Cancer (Malignant Melanoma)

What is malignant melanoma? Malignant melanoma is a common skin cancer that Chihuahuas inherit from their parents. Although Yorkshire Terriers are not at high risk for this skin condition, Chorkie puppies are because of their Chihuahua parent.

Malignant melanoma is a skin cancer where tumors grow melanocytes, which are cells with pigment. Chorkie puppies with this condition may first develop benign tumors. Although most of the time, tumors on the skin of your Chorkie are benign, experts recommend bringing Chorkie puppies to the veterinarian as soon as possible. The age that Chorkie dogs typically develop skin cancer is between 5 and 11 years old. However, Chorkie puppies as young as a few months can produce malignant tumors because of their genetics.

This skin cancer is one of the fastest-spreading cancers in dogs. The cause is unknown, but veterinarians do know that it is inheritable between parents and children. If your Chorkie puppy develops a lump underneath or over their skin, you should take them immediately to emergency care. It is treatable, but you cannot treat your Chorkie puppy at home for skin cancer. This skin condition is difficult to diagnose because it first appears like an infection. Malignant melanoma looks like dark-colored bumps (red, brown, black, etc.) on exposed places with little fur, including your Chorkie puppy’s mouth and underneath their paws. Sadly, if skin cancer is not treated, the life expectancy of Chorkie puppies decreases significantly.

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There are only a few ways to treat skin cancer in Chorkie puppies, which includes surgery. However, you can manage and help your Chorkie puppy recover after the procedure is completed. You should provide your Chorkie with plenty of fluids and watch them to ensure they don’t scratch their skin too hard. Your furry friend will need a lot of rest and comfort, which is why experts recommend purchasing Chorkie dogs an orthopedic bed or cushions. The softness of the bed and cushions brings relief to painful spots, especially after surgery.

Chorkie puppies are a delight to have at home. They are great lap dogs that enjoy being with their family and friends. However, pet owners should provide preventive care to ensure their furry friends live a long and healthy life.