French Bulldog: A Comprehensive Guide

grey french bulldog standing in grass

The French Bulldog

The French Bulldog is a playful, intelligent, and adaptable dog breed. Families across the world enjoy French Bulldog puppies because of their large and distinct features, as well as their sweet ‘lapdog’ personalities. The French Bulldog is a small dog, typically 28lbs or lighter, and grows between 11-13 inches in height, despite its large features. French Bulldog puppies have large features that are emphasized because of their short stature and compact body build. This small dog breed has a life expectancy between 10-11 years.

The French Bulldog is known for its ‘bat-like ears that give these lovable dogs a comical appearance. The French Bulldog breed’s ears are always pointed up but can move and twitch with sounds. A French Bulldog puppy looks humorous with its large round eyes and slowly pointed ears. The French Bulldog breed is also known for its hind legs that are shorter than the front legs. French Bulldog puppies have difficulty learning to walk and maneuver as young pups with short legs.

The French Bulldog is one of a dozen or so brachycephalic breed dogs. Brachycephalic dogs are born with these unique features: elongated soft palate, stenotic nares, and everted laryngeal saccules. Brachycephalic dogs have squished flat faces that create an illusion of eyes protruding out of their faces. The French Bulldog breeds squished faces because of an elongated soft palate, which is relatively uncommon in other dogs.

The French Bulldog puppy has an elongated soft palate that makes it difficult to breathe freely. An elongated soft palate is when the soft palate at the top of the French Bulldog breed’s mouth is too long or thick and blocks the airway. When a French Bulldog puppy takes a breath, it may experience the palate moving into the French Bulldog’s throat, causing confusion and short breathing. A French Bulldog puppy makes silly noises like grunts, pants, and snorts because of a combination of their elongated soft palate and stenotic nares.

The French Bulldog breed has a condensed skull that produces a flat face that looks popular. Brachycephalic dogs also have stenotic nares, which are common in all French Bulldog puppies. Stenotic nares are nostrils that are narrow, which inhibit proper breathing in the French Bulldog breed. The short nostrils cause a multitude of health complications coupled with illnesses, as French Bulldogs struggle to breathe.

Tissue from the airway is pulled down the windpipe as they breathe because of a condition the French Bulldog breed has called an everted laryngeal saccule. This condition is uncomfortable but naturally present. French Bulldog puppies often live long lives with it. Not all brachycephalic breeds have these conditions. However, the French Bulldog breed has all three conditions, proving problematic due to their genetic predisposition to these illnesses.

The French Bulldog breed is a family pet that prefers being indoors and kept under a cool air conditioner. French Bulldogs have a short and smooth coat with thin hairs, providing much-needed relief from the sun. This coat type allows French Bulldog puppy owners to minimize scheduled grooming sessions. The French Bulldog breed sheds minimally, but they are not hypoallergenic dogs. The French Bulldog breed comes in various coat colors. These coat colors include brindle, brown, cream, van, white, and pet owners can find a combination of these colors on any French Bulldog puppy.

For the last two centuries, French Bulldog puppies have been bred with different dog breeds to extenuate the features pet lovers adore. The dog breeds are bred with a French Bulldog to maintain their short and puffy body, including pugs and Boston Terriers. French Bulldog puppies most likely get their tall and pointed ears from Boston Terriers. This dog breed also has ears that naturally stand up.

History Of The French Bulldog

What is the history of the French Bulldog? The history of the French Bulldog is a relatively short and sweet one. The French Bulldog first appeared in the mid-1800s in Europe and immediately became a fan favorite throughout the continent. Although the name suggests that the dog was originally from France, the French Bulldog’s first location was England.

This dog was famous in England, specifically Nottingham, where many affluent lace workers lived. The French Bulldog easily and quickly became a mascot for Nottingham, as the lace workers worked alongside the lovable French Bulldog puppies. During this time, workers moved from England to France. They took their furry companions with them, causing an increase in demand for French Bulldog puppies. The French Bulldog, however, looked distinctly different than what pet owners now see. The French Bulldog, for instance, had more wrinkles during the 1800s and was not as small as it is today.

Lace workers brought the French Bulldog to Paris and Normandy, becoming the most popular dog in the 19th century. The French Bulldog was one of the first dogs bred for companionship and love instead of necessity. Humans have bred dogs as hunters and protectors throughout history, yet, humans wanted the French Bulldog to care for and love as a family member. By the end of the 19th century, the French Bulldog was still a popular family dog in Europe and North America. In Paris, the French Bulldog breed was all over the streets, adorning cafes and boutiques.

French Bulldog puppies were brought to France and bred with pugs and other short-faced breeds to create a cute small animal perfect for traveling long distances. The French loved the French Bulldog because of its large eyes, big ears, button nose, and flat face.

This dog is closely related to the original English Bulldog. There are many differences between an English Bulldog and a French Bulldog, however. English Bulldogs are large and buff dogs that can gain and maintain muscle quickly. The most significant and most noticeable difference between an English Bulldog and a French Bulldog is the ears. English Bulldogs have floppy and shorter ears than French Bulldogs.

The purpose of the French Bulldog is different from the purpose of the English Bulldog. The French Bulldog breed is not a sporting breed and cannot build muscle like its English Bulldog family members. French Bulldogs are more petite, cuter, and family-friendly pets through breeding. When lace makers brought French Bulldog puppies to the United States of America, they bred them again with short-snouted dog breeds to emphasize the prominent and iconic bat-ears.

There have been controversies surrounding the sale and breeding of the French Bulldog. They are a brachycephalic breed of dog bred to be cute. Still, due to the breeding, they now have multiple health conditions that result in a short life expectancy compared to shorter dogs without brachycephalic breed symptoms.

brown french bulldog laying on ground

Breed Intelligence

How intelligent are French Bulldog puppies? French Bulldogs can be trained with patience and repetition, as the breed is not the most intelligent and can be forgetful without repetitive actions. A French Bulldog puppy would rather play and lounge around with the family than listen and learn new tricks. French Bulldogs would rather play because the French bulldog puppy was initially bred for companionship instead of decision-making and hunting, requiring extensive training from the owners.

The French Bulldog is known for its stubborn personality, a common trait among all French bulldogs. Although French Bulldog puppies are difficult to train, they are easier to train than adults. While the French Bulldog breed is small in height, it can cause a mess and destruction if not appropriately trained. Pet owners can complete training with positive reinforcement like a reward for treat and time. While not immensely intelligent, the French Bulldog can be territorial and alert their owners if someone new or unfamiliar is at the door. While it is true that they are alert dogs, a French bulldog puppy does not make a good guard dog because of how difficult they are to train.

Cognitive health

Are French Bulldog puppies at risk for any cognitive health conditions? The French Bulldog has a higher likeliness to develop neurological diseases and conditions as years of breeding formed their condensed body size through immense breeding. In one study, researchers found that out of 2,846 French Bulldogs of all ages, 533 presented neurological problems that were inherited. The French Bulldog breed’s neurological and cognitive problems can be a brain disease, Intervertebral disc disease, and memory conditions. Vets should treat brain disease right away in French Bulldogs as it can be deadly.

The only way a French Bulldog puppy owner can confirm a brain disease condition is through the veterinarian performing a diagnostic on the dog. A professional can use an MRI, blood analysis, or a CT scan to show any neurological diseases in a French Bulldog. One of the most common neurological diseases in a French Bulldog puppy is brain tumors. The French Bulldog breed is at a higher risk of developing cancerous tumors because of years of over-breeding for a condensed body type. The French Bulldog breed has a long breeding history with condensed skull dogs for their bat ears and large features. The breeding process to shrink the size of a dog can cause irreversible neurological problems. It is also possible for a French Bulldog puppy to be born with a tumor. A French Bulldog puppy with a brain tumor may exhibit signs like exhaustion, memory loss, and discomfort. French Bulldog puppy pet owners should monitor these signs.

Sadly the life expectancy of a French Bulldog puppy is cut short with brain tumors depending on the size and diagnosis. Although there is a possibility that veterinarians can catch the neurological disease early and perform surgery, it is not always the case. French Bulldog owners should brace themselves for potentially terrible news regarding neurological diseases like brain tumors. Dog owners must make a hard decision with their French Bulldog as surgery is not 100% safe and can cause further issues. Tumors are common in older French Bulldogs. With old age comes many complications and the old French Bulldog may not be physically equipped to withstand the treatment.

Another common cognitive problem that arises with the French Bulldog breed is herniated discs. Intervertebral disc herniation is common in the French Bulldog breed because of their tiny bodies. The French Bulldog breed has short back legs and curled tails because of overbreeding. Because of this particular breeding style, there is a potential that French Bulldog puppies can be born with defective spines. Any trauma or pressure on the defective spine of a French Bulldog puppy can cause intervertebral disc herniation or disease. Intervertebral disc herniation is when the discs of the spine move and are displaced, allowing for the cushion between vertebrates to burst.

The jelly-like material then goes to other body parts and causes pain and inflammation, leading to severe problems. If not treated quickly, French Bulldog puppies can become paralyzed. A French Bulldog puppy undergoing an intervertebral disc herniation may need a wheelchair or additional help moving. There is a solution, however, to this disease.

The only solution is surgery. During surgery, there is a tiny incision made in the French Bulldog’s back, and the veterinarians remove the jelly-like material. The French Bulldog is placed under an anesthetic during the procedure to protect the dogs from the pain. Owners should be aware that the recovery time is long, and although veterinarian surgeons have years of experience and try their best, surgeries cannot be 100% accurate.

How can pet owners know when a vertebrae cushion has burst? Pet owners may notice their French Bulldog breed pets limping, unable to move, crying in pain, and refusing to walk up steps or jump to higher places like a couch. Any behavior that a pet owner deems abnormal is important to consider.

Pet owners can prevent their French Bulldog puppies vertebrate from slipping or bursting by carefully treating their dog. Owners should prevent their French Bulldog puppies from jumping off of high locations. Daily exercise should be minimized and monitored in French Bulldog as their backs are sensitive. Extra trauma to the spine can increase the chances or a lower life expectancy in French Bulldogs. A French Bulldog puppy can harm their developing and growing spines by falling, which is why pet owners should provide a mini pet staircase for their furry friend.

Memory conditions can also develop in French Bulldogs as they age. It is not uncommon to see older French Bulldogs experiencing confusion and forgetfulness, especially when it comes to everyday tasks like the location of their food bowl or bed.

four french bulldogs sitting in front of white background


Are French Bulldog puppies at risk for developing health conditions because of stress? French Bulldog puppies are prone to stress as they adjust to living in new circumstances and experiencing life first. Stress is a normal emotion felt in both dogs and humans but can become troublesome if stress is not alleviated or addressed. A French Bulldog puppy can get stressed in new and unfamiliar situations and environments.

These situations can vary from entering a new home, eating new food, seeing new faces, and French Bulldog puppies being around groups the French Bulldog puppy is not used to being around. The French Bulldog was bred for companionship, meaning they do not like being left alone. When they are left alone, they can cause many problems in a home due to the stress. Making a mess is especially true about French bulldog puppies as they are experiencing a lot of life for the first time, such as different foods, colors, and items.

A French Bulldog puppy that is newly adopted can feel stressed out from the situation because they are away from everything they’ve ever known. For example, the French Bulldog is away from the French Bulldog puppy’s siblings, and their mother and some French Bulldog puppies are not used to being around humans. There are signs that French Bulldog puppy owners should look for that indicate stress. These signs include overeating, pacing, licking the air, whining, barking, and growling. Every dog, however, experiences different symptoms of stress. A French Bulldog puppy may react by growling or pacing to relieve the stress they are feeling.

Dogs have preferences towards their environment and develop stress in new situations. Some French Bulldogs prefer to be around females and are scared to be around men. Other times French Bulldogs may enjoy being around older adults but cannot handle the excitement with children. Each dog has a unique personality and temperament and has its limit on new experiences. Unique personalities can cause French Bulldog puppies stress, which can cause further problems down the road if not treated or addressed appropriately.

Stressed dogs can make themselves sick with anxiety, fear, and worry. One example of how the French Bulldog breed can make themselves sick is not eating or eating too much. Stress and the stomach are connected. Stress can cause a French Bulldog puppy to throw up or misbehave when left alone by owners. Throwing up is especially harmful to French Bulldogs as they have digestive problems and can harm their stomachs from stress, developing ulcers, and dehydration. Underlying conditions are triggered by stress that the French Bulldog breed is likely to inherit, like Acid Reflux. While stress does not shorten the life expectancy of French Bulldog puppies, it can trigger underlying conditions that may worsen over time and decrease the quality of life in French Bulldog puppies.

Pet owners upon this condition should look for the stressor. The best way to alleviate stress on a French Bulldog puppy is by taking care of what is stressing out the dog. If they are stressed out being alone, buying them a toy or installing a camera may help. Getting your puppy accustomed to crating can be a safe space for them to go as well. If The presence of new people stresses out French Bulldogs, pet owners can alleviate this stress by keeping their dogs away from visitors and guests. Once pet owners find the stressor causing fear and anxiety in their French Bulldog puppies, they can begin to destress and calm their bat-eared furry friend.

French Bulldog puppy owners can prevent stress in the lives of their French Bulldogs by staying consistent. Schedules and consistency aids in stress relief as French Bulldogs know what to expect during each time of the day.


Does Anxiety affect French Bulldogs? Anxiety affects French Bulldogs by taking stressors and developing them into anxiety disorders. Anxiety is closely related to stress, and stressors can cause anxiety disorders in French Bulldogs over time. If a stressor is not alleviated and taken away, then over time, a French Bulldog puppy may develop an anxiety disorder, resulting in panic attacks.

The French Bulldog is a high-maintenance dog and cannot be alone for long periods without feeling distressed and acting out to relieve themselves of their anxiety. While pet owners train French Bulldogs to be left alone for hours, it takes time and consistency. New additions to the family, like French bulldog puppies, shouldn’t be left alone for longer than 2 hours as they get used to their new surroundings. French Bulldogs can’t understand human language, which can be stressful as they adjust without verbal explanations. Although this is the case, French Bulldog puppies adjust well and enjoy living alongside humans. Hunting is not what humans bred French Bulldogs to do. Humans bred French Bulldogs to be companions for humans. Stress can easily lead to an anxiety disorder if not dealt with quickly. Common stressors that cause the French Bulldog breed anxiety include fear, separation, and age.

Fear can develop from strange environments, car rides, and loud sounds. Some French Bulldogs fear getting into cars because they associate cars with veterinarian trips. Not all dogs associate positive things with the vet as they may go there for surgeries or when they are not feeling well. This stress can cause anxiety attacks. Anxiety attacks cause hard breathing, panting, whining, and restlessness. Anxiety attacks are dangerous for a French Bulldog as the breed has a short snout and trouble breathing. Anxiety attacks increase heart rate and breathing, which can be deadly for French Bulldog puppies unable to control their breathing.

french bulldog running on pavement

Separation anxiety is most common in French Bulldog puppies as they become attached to their owners and form a strong bond. Researchers found that 14% of French Bulldog puppies suffer from separation anxiety in one research study. Separation anxiety occurs when a dog cannot find comfort when separated from its owner or other dogs and develops panic attacks. They show their anxiety by urinating, destroying shoes, furniture, and other furnishings, as well as overall distress. Separation anxiety does not go away on its own and should be addressed and noted by French Bulldog puppy owners before it gets worse. During a state of separation anxiety, French Bulldogs may also harm themselves by scratching or licking extensively. French Bulldogs that scratch themselves hard can make themselves bleed, opening a word to possible bacteria and infections. Excessively licking their skin can also rip away patches of fur that protect the French Bulldog’s sensitive skin. Rashes can form where French Bulldogs excessively lick themselves.

Age-related anxiety affects older French Bulldogs both physically and psychologically. These older dogs may deal with issues like memory loss, awareness, and confusion. Confusion and memory loss are similar to Alzheimer’s. What can owners do to prevent Anxiety attacks in their French Bulldog? Owners can encourage their French Bulldog puppy to exercise and play outside regularly. Owners can also play soothing classical music to place their dogs in a calming atmosphere. French Bulldogs with mental stimulation can become distracted from their stressors and focus on learning. Using essential oils is another option for pet owners. Veterinarians recommend pet owners use essential oils. One of the most popular scents is lavender.

Pet owners must take steps to alleviate anxiety disorders and panic attacks in their French Bulldog puppies before they worsen. The best first step to controlling and bettering a French Bulldog with anxiety is taking them on a trip to the vet. During this visit, pet owners can discuss the changes and behaviors they have noticed their French Bulldog puppy exhibiting. Depending on the severity of the symptoms, veterinarians may recommend separation anxiety training through a group or prescribe medication to decrease the anxiety attacks. Anxiety disorders in dogs do not alter the life expectancy but can decrease the quality of French Bulldog’s lives as they live in constant fear.

Physical Health


What allergies are the French Bulldogs susceptible to, and what can French Bulldog owners do to prevent reactions? French Bulldogs are susceptible to allergies that come from the outside, are placed on their skin and food. Allergic reactions are especially dangerous for French Bulldog puppies because of their genetics. French Bulldogs have condensed skulls and shorter and narrower air pathways, inhibiting how well the French Bulldog breed can breathe.

Allergies, especially due to things like pollen and dust, can cause sneezing and congestion. Believe it or not, French Bulldogs can have a runny nose just like humans! This symptom makes it even more difficult for a French Bulldog puppy to breathe and can cause death if pet owners are not careful. Because of their ‘squished’ faces, French Bulldog puppies struggle to breathe from both their nose and their mouth. If mucus from an allergic reaction blocks the nose of a French Bulldog, that dog may suffer greatly and feel pain as they struggle to breathe in through their mouth, which is already a struggle for this short-faced breed. The difficulty breathing makes it harder for a French Bulldog puppy to function and continue everyday tasks like running, playing, and jumping. Allergies can also physically affect a French Bulldog puppy by causing red itchy eyes, coughing, and nose bleeds. None of the other symptoms are life-threatening but can bring discomfort to a French Bulldog puppy. A dry and cracked nose from sneezing can bleed and sting.

The French Bulldog breed is notoriously known for its increased risk of developing adult-onset allergies. Although they are known for their adult-onset allergies, French Bulldog puppies can also be born with allergies. Typically when a French Bulldog puppy is born with an allergy, it is a food allergy. The most common food allergy in the French Bulldog breed is a protein found in eggs and chicken. However, a French Bulldog puppy can be allergic to any food. In instances like these, the only treatment for a French Bulldog puppy suffering from food allergies is to avoid these foods. Since French Bulldog puppies cannot make their food or understand their allergies, pet owners must be careful when buying pet food and treats.

The French Bulldog may also have seasonal outdoor allergies. These allergic reactions can be to trees, dust, dirt, and pollen typically blowing in the air outside. While the origin of these items is outside, they can become trapped in a French Bulldog’s fur, causing them allergies everywhere they go. It is difficult for a French Bulldog puppy owner to assess what is making their dogs react. Veterinarians can perform blood tests to determine what your furry French Bulldog puppy is allergic to and find solutions to the allergy. Once a diagnosis is complete, it is easier for French Bulldog puppy owners to prevent an allergic reaction by separating their dog from the allergen.

French Bulldog puppies suffering from seasonal outdoor allergies should be regularly bathed. This way, any outdoor allergens don’t stay clinging on to the poor French Bulldog. Since dust can accumulate inside a home, pet owners should dedicate time to deep clean their homes, getting rid of any dust. Some veterinarians recommend using a humidifier to decrease the likeliness of an allergic reaction to dust and debris in the air. Humidifiers can be dangerous, however, depending on the essential oils added into the system. Pet owners should talk to their veterinarians to find a solution that best fits their French Bulldog puppy.

Lotions, shampoos, and conditioners may have harsh chemicals that cause the French Bulldog breed allergic reactions. These short-haired dogs may not have a lot of hair, but they do have sensitive skin protected by their thin coat. An allergic reaction on a French Bulldog puppy to products placed on the skin looks very different from a seasonal and food allergic reaction. When a French Bulldog puppy reacts to a chemicals allergen on their skin, they break out in hives, have red-itchy patches of skin, and may whine and try to lick the area for relief. Thankfully, allergic reactions are reversible, and they are not forever. Allergic reactions in the French Bulldog breed can be prevented, treated, and maintained. There are natural solutions such as keeping the home clean from dust mites and mold, washing the pet’s bed and clothing often, using soft and natural products while grooming, and checking each dog food for ingredients.

close up of black french bulldog laying on white rug


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Gut Health

How does gut health affect the French Bulldog breed? Gut Health affects the French Bulldog breed as the gut of a French Bulldog is sensitive and can cause Acid Reflux. Gut help is related to digestive disorders and chronic stomach problems, which French Bulldog puppies are at a higher risk than other dog breeds.

The French Bulldog breed has a short body and a condensed face, which breeding could only do by shortening the esophagus, which can cause a backup of food that comes up through the sphincter. The sphincter is a muscle opening typically clamped shut to prevent food from traveling back up the esophagus. However, when the sphincter muscle is damaged, it opens and releases food up the esophagus, causing burning pain to French Bulldog puppies.

Acid Reflux

The burning pain is a condition called Acid Reflux, also known as GERD. Acid Reflux can be uncomfortable and cause inflammation and irritation to the French Bulldog breed’s throat, stomach, and stomach lining. French Bulldogs should avoid harsh foods to improve gut heat, such as spicy foods, high in fat, and oily foods.

Your French Bulldog puppy should not be eating processed foods at it is difficult for them to digest, and they are susceptible to throwing up as their esophagus is short. Acid Reflux, when triggered, can increase the likeliness of throwing up and regurgitation. The stomach acid and bile rise through the esophagus, causing an unpleasant feeling in French Bulldog puppies. It can also be dangerous as excessive throwing up may cause ulcers which the French Bulldog breed is at risk of. Ulcers found in the stomach develop because of excessive throwing up, which reduces the acid and bile that protects the stomach lining. When the stomach lining of a French Bulldog puppy is exposed, a painful ulcer can form anemia and overall weakness. Ulcers formed from the development of Acid Reflux need immediate emergency care to shorten the life expectancy of a French Bulldog puppy. Ulcers prevent French Bulldog puppies from eating and consuming the nutrients needed to survive.

Pet owners should look for symptoms and signs that their French Bulldog puppy suffers from digestive and gut problems. These symptoms include; loss of appetite, walking slowly, throwing up, bad breath, sleeping a lot, and constant burping. French Bulldog puppies are sensitive, and these symptoms can signify that they are undergoing gut health problems.

French Bulldog puppies are developing and growing and need nutritious food to do so. A French Bulldog puppy cannot eat human food, as it is processed with too many colors and dyes to digest properly. If French Bulldog puppies are not given the appropriate nutrient in their foods as they grow, the digestive system can become harmed, causing larger problems. When a French Bulldog puppy struggles to digest their food, they can throw up, regurgitate, or have diarrhea. These are all dangerous as the French Bulldog puppy can dehydrate quickly and overheat.

French Bulldogs suddenly overheat because they are unable to cool themselves naturally at a quick speed. Dogs cool themselves by panting rapidly, expelling heat from their bodies, and by drinking water. French Bulldog puppies, however, struggle to breathe and cannot pant rapidly because of their elongated soft palate and stenotic nares.

Pet owners can prevent major gut health problems through dietary changes. French Bulldogs should be consuming nutritious dog food and made of an easily digestible protein. Dog owners should avoid buying dog food with preservatives and dyes as they are difficult to digest and can cause constipation which can be dangerous coupled with chronic vomiting.

To soothe the stomach of a French Bulldog puppy, pet owners should refrain from feeding their furry friend for at least one day and provide sufficient water to stay hydrated. Limiting food gives the French Bulldog’s stomach a chance to settle. When introducing the food again, it should be in smaller portions with healthier alternatives like organic carrots or broccoli, which are chock-full of vitamins and water.

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Eye Health

What does eye health look like in the French Bulldog breed? Although French Bulldog puppies are typically born with excellent eyesight, they may inherit and develop poor eyesight as they age. It is sadly common for the French Bulldog breed to inherit eye conditions. However, many of the eye conditions that French Bulldog puppies are at risk for developing develop typically in old age, while others develop because of trauma to the eye.

One particular eye condition that the French Bulldog breed is highly susceptible to is canine cataracts. A canine cataract is a cloudy grey-white film that covers the lens of a French Bulldog’s eye over time. Cataracts develop in four stages; Incipient, Immature, Mature, and Hypermature. The first two stages are difficult to assess, and pet owners may not notice any symptoms of their French Bulldog breeds until they have already begun to lose their sight. The symptoms of a cataract are mainly physical, a cloudy-white film in a French Bulldog’s eye or eyes. Canine cataracts signs also include stumbling in the dark, bumping into objects that have not moved, and less reactivity to visual stimuli. If your French Bulldog puppy is reacting to its name but not your movements, it could signify that they are developing canine cataracts.

A French Bulldog puppy is less likely to develop this condition than an adult French Bulldog, but it is inherited with age. Although this is the case, a French Bulldog puppy can still develop a cataract if the dog’s eye is impacted with trauma, harming their eye’s ability to separate proteins and water that gets in the way of the lens. When a cataract is in its last stage, the hazy white cloud covers the entire lens of the eye, and the French Bulldog is unable to see as the cloudy white material blocks out light from shining in. Cataracts can develop into a larger problem if not treated, or at the very least monitored.

As the eye deteriorates and becomes inflamed, there is a possibility of infection. Old French Bulldogs do not have the strong immune system that French Bulldog puppies have and can succumb to an infection or, at the least, lose their eye entirely. A French Bulldog owner with frequent veterinarian healthcare visits and eye exams can prevent losing an eye and developing an infection. There is a solution for canine cataracts, and it is surgery. Once a pet owner knows that their French Bulldog puppy has a cataract in either one or both eyes, they must decide with the veterinarian to undergo surgery to remove the material blocking the lens or treat the cataract at home for symptoms and pain. Surgery is a difficult decision, and the pet owner has a lot to consider. Even a healthy French Bulldog puppy can die or lose their eye from the surgical operation. During the operation, a small slit is made in the French Bulldog puppy’s eye, and the material is removed. In its place, the veterinarian slides in a clear film that protects the lens. Surgery can restore eyesight to your French Bulldog puppy.

Another condition that the French Bulldog puppy is at high risk for is Distichiasis. The Distichiasis condition occurs when fur and hair grow inside of the eyelid and causes discomfort at best and damage to the eye at worst. The French Bulldog breed is at risk for this health condition because they have large protruding eyes. Their large eyes allow hair growth to puncture and rub against their unprotected eyes, causing cuts and open wounds, allowing bacteria inside. If bacteria gets inside a small cut in the eye, it can become infected quickly and spread throughout your French Bulldog puppy.

Symptoms of this condition include watery eyes, red eyes, and inflamed, puffy eyes. Eye conditions primarily develop in French Bulldog puppies as the condition is common and natural. The condition can ultimately cause corneal ulcers, which are painful and can become deadly when infected. While this is the case, treatment for Distichiasis is easy and readily available. French Bulldog puppies begin to feel better quickly as veterinarians remove the hairs! There are limited ways to prevent this condition, however. Although nothing can prevent it, pet owners can catch it early that acknowledge and notice the signs.

Eye conditions are fairly common in the French Bulldog breed because of how their eyes develop. Having such large eyes can increase the chances of your French Bulldog puppy harming and infecting their eyes. Preventing damage to their protruding eyes is difficult. However, it is recommended not to allow your French Bulldog puppy to stick their head out of a running car as sticks, dirt, bugs, and debris can hit their eyes easily.

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Ear Health

What ear health conditions can my French Bulldog develop? French Bulldog puppies are at a higher risk of developing ear infections which can spread and become fatal without treatment. The French Bulldog breed’s pointed “bat-like” ears are a favorite among dog lovers, but these furry pointed triangles can come with health concerns. Unlike other dog breeds, the French Bulldog has ears that point up constantly. French Bulldog’s pointed ears come with problems: their ears are open for bugs, dust, and bacteria to climb into easily.

Interestingly, French Bulldog puppies are born with their ears down, and as they begin teething and eating, their ears slowly rise. This cute ear type is prone to infections, however. Dirt, debris, and bacteria can easily slide into your French Bulldog puppy’s ears and, if not cleaned thoroughly, can cause a painful infection.

A French Bulldog puppy’s ears grow large and long with a wide opening and a narrow and short ear canal. Germs and dirt can quickly travel through this narrow and short ear canal, getting trapped and causing an ear infection that can quickly lead to bigger problems in a French Bulldog puppy. Ear infections in dogs, also known as Otitis Externa, are more common in the French Bulldog breed because of how easily accessible their ears are and how difficult it is to clean them properly. French Bulldog puppies can feel the pain caused by an infection in the middle or inner ear during ear infections. French Bulldog puppies may react poorly to an ear infection through an increased heart rate and fever as their body tries to fight off the infection.

Symptoms of this condition in French Bulldog puppies include French Bulldogs shaking their heads quickly without reason, scratching or picking at their ears continuously, rubbing their bodies on smooth or textured surfaces to get relief, redness in the ear canal, bleeding from the ear canal, and black or yellow discharge coupled with a foul odor leaking out of the ear canal. Pet owners that document these symptoms should call a veterinarian and await further instructions as ear infections can develop and spread throughout the body of a French Bulldog puppy.

Prescribed antibiotics are the only cure for an ear infection. Ear infections in French Bulldogs may only happen once and go away with treatment or become a chronic condition where French Bulldogs frequently suffer from ear infections, even after treatment. While this is the case, proper cleaning can prevent ear infections in the French Bulldog breed. Ear infections in dogs may bleed and lead to deafness if not taken care of promptly. French Bulldogs are at risk for developing deafness because impact or trauma can easily damage their short and narrow ear canals.

Pet owners should learn how to clean the ears of their furry friends properly. The French Bulldog breed has distinct ears that require attention. A French Bulldog puppy is easier to train and calm down for ear cleanings than adult French Bulldogs. Pet owners should begin cleaning their dog’s ears when they are a puppy to make the transition easier through a repetitive schedule. French Bulldog puppy owners should clean the outside of their French Bulldog’s ears gently with a warm washcloth. Professionals do not recommend using soap to clean French Bulldog’s ears as it can irritate any scratches and open wounds. Pet owners must refrain from using devices like Q-tips in their French Bulldog puppy’s ears. Q-tips do not clean the inside of the ear and instead push debris, bacteria, and dirt further into the ear canal, harming it. Using a Q-tip on French Bulldog puppies can also damage the eardrum as the short ear canal, easily knocking into the eardrum. If pet owners are not careful, French Bulldog puppies can lose their hearing from damaging the eardrum.

Pet owners should use a cotton ball with an ear cleaning solution deemed safe for dogs to clean the inside of a French Bulldog breeds ear. Pet owners should roll the cotton ball with the solution gently in the ear opening of their French Bulldog puppy. Pet owners can sit French Bulldog puppies in their lap and use their other hands to hold them down carefully to make their dog feel more comfortable.

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Immune Health

The French Bulldog has a Genetic Predisposition for immune health problems because of years of breeding with other small dogs. The small size of a French Bulldog puppy is cute, but problematic because their stomachs are just as small as them. A French Bulldog puppy’s small stomach increases the chances of immune health diseases and illnesses as any subtle changes can harm the French Bulldog puppy’s immune system.

The most common immune health problem that French Bulldogs acquire is Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD), which can be incredibly painful and shut down organs if not maintained. IBD’s progression is especially common in French Bulldog puppies as they develop. The intestinal lining thickens with IBD because immune system cells overrun and attach themselves to the French Bulldog puppy’s intestinal lining. The intestinal lining is thickened during IBD, an immune system disorder where the French Bulldog breed’s stomach cannot absorb and use nutrients.

Inflammatory Bowel Disease can be triggered by poor diet, stress, and anxiety. IBD is a chronic issue that cannot be cured but can be treated. IBD is caused by allergic reactions to food, genetic markers, and parasites or bacteria. French Bulldog puppies suffering from this condition often chronically throw up when having a major flare-up. Throwing up is concerning, as French Bulldog puppies can become dehydrated and lose weight quickly. The French Bulldog puppy is small in stature and weight, meaning any weight loss can be significant and concerning. Once a major flare-up starts, French Bulldog puppies can be in immense pain, but they do decrease over time with strategies to alleviate pain. There is no cure for this chronic issue, but the issue does not always arise. A French Bulldog puppy can have less likeliness of a flare-up with a dietary change. French Bulldogs should only be given food that is soft and easy to digest.

IBD is an inherited condition in French Bulldog puppies. It is difficult to prevent, as it is a hereditary, chronic, illness that continuously inflames a French Bulldog puppy’s intestines. While this is the case, there are natural remedies that pet owners can use on their French Bulldog puppies to feel relief during a flare-up. When a French Bulldog puppy undergoes an IBD flare-up, they may lay down in pain, scratch themselves for comfort, lick the air and swallow constantly. Exercise decreases pain in French Bulldog puppies suffering from IBD, but exercise burns fat, which is a natural way to improve your dog’s immune system. Burning fat naturally in a French Bulldog puppy allows for a decrease in hormones responsible for inflammation and discomfort in dogs. Pet owners should encourage playtime when they notice the symptoms of an IBD flare-up in their French Bulldog puppy.

Not only are there ways that pet owners can help their French Bulldog puppy relieve their pain, but there are also natural ways to strengthen your dog’s immune system over time. Although this condition is common and hereditary in French Bulldog puppies, not all French Bulldog puppies will develop this condition.

For dogs who do not have this condition, it is important to take preventative measures. One of these measures is for French Bulldog puppies to remove starch and grains from their diet. According to a researcher, scientists found that dog foods have an average of 40% of starch in their products. Starch can worsen IBD as it is difficult to digest and holds few vitamins and nutrients. Instead, pet owners should focus on providing their French Bulldog puppy with fresh meat and vegetables in their diet, alongside organic and natural dry dog food.

A lot of the immune system is located in the guts. There are also supplements that owners can provide for their Bulldog puppy to consume to increase the strength of their immune system. The supplement that researchers recommend is probiotics. Supplements with probiotics work by introducing beneficial microorganisms into the intestines. The beneficial microorganism then interacts with a French Bulldog puppy’s digestive tract to build immunity. These supplements can be useful, but French Bulldog puppy owners should always consult a veterinarian.

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Joint Health

What joint health problems do French Bulldog puppy owners need to know? French Bulldog puppy owners should be on the lookout for Arthritis and hip dysplasia in their furry friends. Like the French Bulldog puppy, small dog breeds are low-weight dogs that can develop joint health problems with weight changes that lead to Arthritis and hip dysplasia.

Arthritis can develop in French Bulldogs regardless of their age. Although a French Bulldog puppy is at risk for Arthritis because of inheritance, this condition mainly affects older dogs. Arthritis is a condition where one or more joints in a dog’s body begin to degenerate and inflame. As the joint deteriorates, a French Bulldog puppy can be in much pain as their bones rub together, making it difficult to move around. The most common form of Arthritis in French Bulldog puppies is in their hip joints. They have a genetic predisposition to this Arthritis because of their unique body type that humans bred over two centuries to be small. A French Bulldog puppy has two back legs shorter than the two front legs. The difference in lengths can accelerate the deterioration of joints, which is why French Bulldog puppy owners should carefully monitor their dogs, regardless of their age. French Bulldogs suffering from Arthritis may hesitate at jumping on furniture, walking upstairs, and flinch when touched on their back legs.

Arthritis in French Bulldog puppies can be caused by obesity as well. As a French Bulldog puppy increases in weight, pressure is added to the rest of their bodies, including their joints which may not hold the weight well. Obesity shortens the life expectancy of a French Bulldog puppy and can alter the quality of their life because of the pain that comes with Arthritis.

Another joint health problem common in a French Bulldog puppy is Hip Dysplasia. Hip Dysplasia is a joint condition where the ball or socket of the thigh bone develops in different sizes. When a French Bulldog puppy is developing, the ball or socket may not grow to the same size and will not fit, causing the hip joint to break down. Like Arthritis, the French Bulldog breed is more likely to develop hip Dysplasia because of their shorter hindlegs and higher risk when obese. Compared to an adult, a French Bulldog puppy is likelier to develop this condition, which can be deadly and serious as a French Bulldog puppy may develop a tumor where the hip joints are degenerating.

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French Bulldogs with Hip Dysplasia can live long lives when treated, and French Bulldog puppy pet owners maintain a comfortable and delicate lifestyle. Hip Dysplasia in a French Bulldog puppy can not be cured but can be treated to alleviate pain and discomfort. French Bulldog puppy owners can massage their furry friends’ hip joints daily. This motion should be done gently and can decrease the rate of your French Bulldog puppy losing mobility. Pet owners can exercise with their French Bulldog puppy, building and strengthening the muscle around joints, decreasing the degeneration rate. The best exercise for pain relief in French Bulldog puppies with Hip Dysplasia is swimming as the constant movements and paddling of the legs strengthen the muscles around the joints, holding the ball and socket in place.

Your veterinarian may also suggest a diet change for your French Bulldog puppy to lose weight, which can decrease the pressure placed on the French Bulldog puppy’s hips. French Bulldog puppy owners should provide their furry friends with dog food high in fiber and low in fat. Hip replacement surgery may be the next step if the pain is too severe in your French Bulldog puppy.

French Bulldog puppy owners should prepare themselves to decide for their puppy. Hip replacement surgery can be expensive and do come with complications, depending on your French Bulldog puppy’s physical health and age.

French Bulldog puppy pet owners can alleviate the pain that their French Bulldog puppy is feeling at home. Once the diagnosis is complete, French Bulldog puppy pet owners should provide care and treatment at home, regardless of whether they go through surgery. French Bulldog puppies can feel better in warm and dry conditions. French Bulldog puppy owners should avoid cold and wet climates, as the low temperatures can trigger joint pain. A French Bulldog puppy with Hip Dysplasia may slide on smooth wooden floors. French Bulldog puppy owners should provide traction throughout their homes to decrease the possibility of injuries and falls.

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Skin and Coat

Skin and Coat health problems can develop in any dog breed. French Bulldogs are lucky breeds as they have thin and short coats that shed lightly, which helps in decreasing skin and coat health problems. Although they do not have a specific genetic predisposition for skin and coat conditions, a French Bulldog puppy can still develop them over time, without consistent care.

French Bulldog puppies need proper baths at least once a month. Without proper baths, French Bulldog puppies may develop skin and coat conditions like dandruff and atopic dermatitis. Both are common and can be treated at home by French Bulldog puppy owners.

Dandruff in French Bulldog puppies can develop through skin allergies, dry seasons, improper bathing, and as an effect of fleas and mites. Dandruff in French Bulldog puppies is when dead, dry skin on the body is overproduced, causing white flakes and itchiness. Dandruff in a French Bulldog puppy may not necessarily mean that something is very wrong. Skin allergies, such as allergic reactions to skin and bathing products, can produce dandruff as a symptom. Dandruff that develops through an allergic reaction on a French Bulldog puppy can be treated with an anti-dandruff shampoo and a trip to the groomers.

As the seasons of the year dry, the air may be too dry for your French Bulldog puppy. French Bulldog puppy’s coat is still developing, and the skin underneath their coat is fragile and sensitive. As the air dries, the skin underneath can crack without proper moisturizing. French Bulldog puppy owners can prevent this by bathing their dogs with a moisturizing shampoo and conditioner with natural materials to bring shine and strength to their coats. Oatmeal is a fan favorite amongst French Bulldog puppy owners as the scent is not too strong, and it hydrates their Bulldog puppy’s skin, leaving their coat smooth and shiny.

Improper bathing can also cause an excess of dandruff on the skin of a French Bulldog puppy. When dogs have not bathed appropriately, they may develop skin conditions as dirt and dandruff build-up in their skin. Improper bathing not only causes a build-up of nasty materials but can also cause foul odors that stick to a French Bulldog puppy owner’s home and clothes. Dogs like to feel clean and white and try to groom themselves when it is time for a proper bath.

Fleas and Mites are awful for French Bulldog owners to deal with as they jump and get on everything. They can be quite painful for a French Bulldog puppy as they continuously itch and scratch their bodies. Fleas jump and hide from the sharp claws of French Bulldog puppies and continue to bite and feed on their blood. When a French Bulldog attempts to alleviate the itchiness, there is a possibility that they can scratch and harm themselves, drawing blood. Leaving open wounds on a French Bulldog puppy can increase the chances of diseases and infections that spread quickly and become lethal to your French Bulldog puppy.

If you have found fleas or mites on your French Bulldog puppy, it is time to grab flea-removing shampoo. Immediately bathe your dog with the strong shampoo, lathering and scrubbing their bodies everywhere. Pet owners should repeat this a minimum of two times. French Bulldog puppy owners should be careful with red and inflamed spots that their puppies have scratched at to feel relief.

It is also important for a French Bulldog puppy owner to throw everything made of fabric into the washer as fleas and mites can move quickly and stick to the fabric. The heat of the washer can kill the fleas. Prevention, however, is key! French Bulldog puppy owners should be careful where they take their dogs on walks as fleas can wander and make home in front yards and other dogs. Fleas and mites spread quickly among French Bulldog puppies, causing an infestation quickly.

Another common and treatable skin condition often found in French Bulldog puppies is Atopic Dermatitis, which can cause uncomfortable itchiness on your French Bulldog puppy. Atopic Dermatitis is a skin condition triggered by an allergic reaction to pollen, dust, and dirt. A common symptom and sign that your French Bulldog puppy has this condition is uncontrollable itching of the face, legs, paws, and ears. Airborne allergens are typically the cause of this case but can be prevented through avoidance. Pet owners should not worry when faced with French bulldog puppy skin conditions. There are plenty of at-home treatments and preventative strategies to reduce the likeliness of dandruff and Atopic Dermatitis.

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All in all, French Bulldog puppies are wonderful additions to the family but need extra care. Pet owners should be aware of the conditions the French Bulldog breed is likely to develop.

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